Who is Known as Punjab Kesari: “Punjab Kesari” is a title bestowed upon Lala Lajpat Rai, an Indian freedom fighter and social reformer. Lala Lajpat Rai, also known as the “Lion of Punjab,” played a significant role in India’s struggle for independence from British rule during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
who is known as Punjab Kesari of india
He was born on January 28, 1865, in Punjab, which is why he is often referred to as Punjab Kesari, with “Kesari” meaning “Lion” in Hindi. Lajpat Rai was actively involved in various movements and campaigns against British colonial rule and injustice. He participated in protests, public speeches, and writings that advocated for the rights and freedom of Indians.
Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the prominent leaders of the Indian National Congress and a strong advocate for Swadeshi, a movement encouraging Indians to use domestically produced goods and boycott British goods. He faced several arrests and imprisonments during his life for his involvement in the freedom struggle.
In 1928, during the Simon Commission’s visit to India, Lala Lajpat Rai led a peaceful protest against the commission. However, the British police responded harshly, beating him with batons, which resulted in severe injuries. He succumbed to his injuries on November 17, 1928.
Lala Lajpat Rai’s contributions to the Indian freedom movement earned him immense respect and the title “Punjab Kesari,” symbolizing his courage, leadership, and dedication to the welfare of the people. His legacy continues to inspire generations of Indians.
Early Life and Education
Lala Lajpat Rai was born in Dhudike village, in the Ferozepur district of Punjab, India. He belonged to an educated and well-off family. He received his early education at the Government Higher Secondary School in Rewari and later attended the Government College at Lahore. He was greatly influenced by the teachings of Swami Dayananda Saraswati, the founder of the Arya Samaj, a reformist movement in Hinduism.
Role in the Freedom Struggle
Lala Lajpat Rai played a crucial role in organizing and participating in various freedom movements and agitations against British rule. He was actively involved in the Indian National Congress and was part of the “Lal-Bal-Pal” triumvirate, along with Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal, who were leading figures in the freedom struggle.
Advocacy for Indian Rights
Lajpat Rai was a vocal advocate for the rights of Indians and worked tirelessly to promote Indian nationalism and self-reliance. He supported the Swadeshi movement and encouraged the use of indigenous products to reduce reliance on British goods. He also spoke against the partition of Bengal in 1905, which was aimed at dividing Hindus and Muslims and was seen as a strategy to weaken the nationalist movement.
Founding of Servants of the People Society
In 1921, Lala Lajpat Rai founded the “Servants of the People Society” (Lok Sevak Mandal), a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting education, social service, and civic responsibility. The organization aimed to foster a sense of selflessness and service among the people of India.
Contribution to Literature
Apart from his political activities, Lajpat Rai was a prolific writer and journalist. He wrote extensively on political and social issues and authored several books and articles in English and Hindi. His writings played a significant role in inspiring and mobilizing the masses during the freedom struggle.
The Simon Commission Incident
One of the most notable incidents in Lala Lajpat Rai’s life was the protest against the Simon Commission. The Simon Commission was a group appointed by the British government to investigate and recommend constitutional reforms in India, but it had no Indian representation. In 1928, when the Simon Commission arrived in India, Lajpat Rai led a peaceful protest in Lahore, demanding Indian representation. The British police responded violently, and Lajpat Rai sustained severe injuries, ultimately leading to his death.
Lala Lajpat Rai’s sacrifices and contributions to the freedom movement made him a revered figure in India’s history. He is remembered as a fearless and dedicated leader who fought relentlessly for the rights and dignity of his fellow countrymen. Numerous schools, colleges, roads, and institutions across India have been named in his honor.
Lala Lajpat Rai’s legacy as “Punjab Kesari” continues to inspire the nation, and he remains an icon of courage, patriotism, and selfless service to the people.
FAQs on Who is Known as Punjab Kesari
Answer: Lala Lajpat Rai is called Punjab Kesari because of his significant contributions and leadership in the Indian freedom struggle, as well as his connection to the state of Punjab. The title “Punjab Kesari” translates to “Lion of Punjab” in Hindi.
Answer: Lala Lajpat Rai was known as Punjab Lion.
Answer: Lala Lajpat Rai is known as Punjab Kesari.
Answer: The title “Punjab Kesari” was not awarded by any specific organization or authority. It is an honorary title given to Lala Lajpat Rai due to his immense contribution to the Indian freedom movement and his popularity as a leader.
Answer: There is no specific individual known as “Punjab Kesari Testbook.” It is possible that you might be referring to a book or study material related to Punjab Kesari (Lala Lajpat Rai) published by the Testbook.
Answer: There is no book specifically titled “Punjab Kesari Class 10.” However, books related to Lala Lajpat Rai’s life and contributions might be available for study at the 10th-grade level.
Answer: Bal Gangadhar Tilak is called “Maratha Kesari.” He was a prominent Indian nationalist leader and a key figure in the Indian freedom movement.
Answer: Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das is known as “Bengal Kesaria.” He was a prominent leader in the Indian National Congress and played a significant role in the Indian independence movement.
Answer: One of the famous slogans associated with Lala Lajpat Rai is “Inquilab Zindabad,” which means “Long live the revolution” in Urdu. This slogan was commonly used during the Indian freedom movement.
Answer: Several freedom fighters are often referred to as the “Lion of India,” but Lala Lajpat Rai is one of the prominent figures known by this title due to his fearless and determined leadership in the freedom struggle.
Answer: Lala Lajpat Rai had several nicknames. The most famous ones were “Punjab Kesari” (Lion of Punjab), “Sher-e-Punjab” (Lion of Punjab, in Urdu), and “Lion of India” for his overall contribution to the Indian freedom movement.
Answer: Lala Lajpat Rai is famous for his active involvement in the Indian freedom struggle, his advocacy for Indian rights and self-reliance, and his role as a prominent leader in the Indian National Congress. He is also known for founding the “Servants of the People Society” and for his writings on political and social issues.
Answer: “Punjab Kesari” is the name of a prominent newspaper in Punjab, India. It was started on May 3, 1965, by Lala Jagat Narain, a renowned journalist and freedom fighter. The newspaper remains a widely read and respected publication in the region.
Answer: The newspaper “Kesari” was not written by any single individual. It was established and published by Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, who was a prominent leader in the Indian freedom movement. “Kesari” was a Marathi-language newspaper, and its publication played a significant role in spreading nationalist ideas and promoting Indian self-rule.
Answer: The title of “Hind Kesari” was awarded to Gama Pehalwan, also known as the Great Gama, a renowned wrestler of his time. He was the first Indian to receive the title “Hind Kesari” for his remarkable achievements in wrestling.